Governance is the set of policies, roles, responsibilities, and processes that control how an organization’s business divisions and IT teams work together to achieve its goals. Every organization has unique needs and goals that influence its approach to governance. Below are the three major areas of SharePoint 2013 Governance:
- IT Governance
- information Management
- Application Management
You can see below image which shows the What is Governance in SharePoint 2013, its three major areas and also shows key information about these areas.
You can learn more about SharePoint governance from this Technet article.